The Ethereum London upgrade has been keenly anticipated, not because it will lower fees (gas prices have actually increased since the launch), but because it will burn them.
EIP-1559 added a mechanism that allows some of the gas or base fee to be burned.
This is critical for Ethereum's supply and issuance economics, which are now inflating due to proof-of-work consensus.
The economics are likely to become deflationary following the merge to ETH 2.0 and the transition to proof-of-stake.
This is due to the fact that the block reward distribution will be lowered, but a portion of the transaction fees will still be burned.
According to Etherchain, about 3,775 ETH has been burned in less than 24 hours since London went live.
At the time of publication, real-time tracker WatchTheBurn was reporting 3,744 such cases.
At current ETH values of $2,770, this corresponds to about $10.4 million.
The network will destroy 3,600 tokens every day at the current burn rate of 2.5 ETH per minute.
When the vehicle is under a heavy load and petrol prices rise, this will increase.
Despite the fact that this appears to be a large amount, the Ethereum supply is continually inflating.
According to Bankless, 2.24 million ETH were issued in the first seven months of 2021.
On an annualized basis, this translates to a 3.8 million increase in ETH supply, or 3.3 percent, over the course of the year, from 114.1 million to 117.9 million.
When daily burn rates are subtracted, inflation falls to between 1.25 and 2.66 percent, according to the research, which concludes:
“As we can see, based on current supply and yearly 2021 burn figures, there is a substantial possibility that ETH will become deflationary following the Proof-Of-Stake switch. The inflation rate of Ether might be as low as -1.05 percent depending on the burn rate.”
Gas prices have risen as a result of the London upgrade, or have they?
According to Bitinfocharts, Ethereum's average transaction costs have risen by 70% in the last two days to $15.
Due to NFT decreases, exchanges banning transactions during upgrades, miners setting low gas limits, and overall ETH market volatility, Ethereum ecosystem researcher "trent.eth" [@trent vanepps] explained that there has been a lot of network congestion.
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